Literature review, introduction, the expectancy theory of motivation has become an increasingly popular model for predicting work performance and job preference. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1961. Like much of the emergent European social history of the 1980s, "New Historicism" takes particular interest in representations of marginal/marginalized groups and non-normative behaviorswitchcraft, cross-dressing, peasant revolts, and exorcismsas exemplary of the need for power to represent subversive alternatives, the Other, to legitimize itself. Moore-Gilbert, Bart, Stanton, Gareth, and Maley, Willy. The following categories are certainly not exhaustive, nor are they mutually exclusive, but they represent the major trends in literary theory of this century. Other tendencies in the moment after "Deconstruction" that share some of the intellectual tendencies of "Poststructuralism" would included the "Reader response" theories of Stanley Fish, Jane Tompkins, and Wolfgang Iser. Bhabha have questioned the binary thought that produces the dichotomiescenter/margin, white/black, and colonizer/colonizedby which colonial practices are justified.
Jump to navigation Jump to search. Essays about poetry (12 P). Essays in literary theory (15 P).
Formalism and New Criticism "Formalism" is, as the name implies, an interpretive approach that emphasizes literary form and the study of literary devices within the text. "Higher or "source criticism analyzed biblical tales in light of comparable narratives from other cultures, an approach that anticipated some of the method and spirit of twentieth century theory, particularly "Structuralism" and "New Historicism." In France, the eminent literary critic Charles Augustin Saint Beuve maintained. Lentricchia likewise became influential through his account of trends in theory, After the New Criticism. Modern literary theory gradually emerges in Europe during the nineteenth century. French feminist thought is based on the assumption that the Western philosophical tradition represses the experience of women in the structure of its ideas. Much of what theoretical energy of masculine gender theory currently possesses comes from its ambiguous relationship with the field of "Queer theory." "Queer theory" is not synonymous with gender theory, nor even with the overlapping fields of gay and lesbian studies, but does share many. Afro-Caribbean and African writersAime Cesaire, Frantz Fanon, Chinua Achebehave made significant early contributions to the theory and practice of ethnic criticism that explores the traditions, sometimes suppressed or underground, of ethnic literary activity while providing a critique of representations of ethnic identity as found within. Dubois, we find an early attempt to theorize the position of African-Americans within dominant white culture through his concept of "double consciousness a dual identity including both "American" and "Negro." Dubois and theorists after him seek an understanding of how that double experience both creates.