means of its realization (the inescapable Hegelian. This used to be an important maxim, but I ask myself now: do I really believe in it? For citizenship to be experienced by everyone as their own identity; for the citizen not to feel the need of a vicarious identity, it is necessary that democracy keep its promise: equal sovereignty, and everyones equal power. I shall subdivide the first premise. The venerated formula "give to Caesar what is Caesar's and to God what is God's" is perfectly useless because it does not establish the line between the two areas. The western distinction between fundamentalist Islam and moderate Islam is meaningless when applied to regimes and governments, as the 'moderate' one by definition is the Saudi, where the sharia is implemented with public choreographies of horrifying ferocity. Religion is compatible with democracy only if 'tamed' Woman with placards at Secular Europe rally in London. Clearly the discipline had to make a difference to the world. This widespread feeling even more significantly as it was unconscious represented the peak of lucidity and rational understanding of the event: the terrorists have aimed at the heart of 'western' freedoms as freedom tout court. Every 'opening' of secularism, opening cracks and leaks in the rigour of its logic, is a 'Trojan horse' of the theocratic drives to colonize collective existence. It would be paradoxical and incongruous if a valid justification for deciding, in the dia-logos among citizens, whom to choose as representatives of our sovereignty, were then banned from the discussion by which the 'deputies' of that same sovereignty come to enact the law.
The latter is still wielded as an ideological weapon to impose ones ethics on others, but in the sovereign equality of citizens it finally collapses. Who decides the border between offence and criticism? Jackson Park wouldnt have been my first choice as a location for the. CBAs are conceptually fraught, forced to negotiate the contradictions of their dual pursuit of stimulation and prophylaxis, building and conserving. Only atheism is the consistency of secularism generated by disenchantment: a mass atheism at least as practical atheism when the citizen is a citizen, an atheism that only a few believers really know how to reconcile with the faith in their own God of salvation. Secularism is a matter of life and death for democracy. Some rights fact, there is one passionate faith (one only an even exalted faith and yet still compatible with democracy: one that considers it a duty to God to respect human freedom up to mortal sin and ungodliness, because only the Almighty can decide who. The west that (in London) legitimates sharia trials to address marital, family, inheritance issues; the west that (in Berlin) allows girls to abstain from biology classes and physical education; the west that (in any metropolis of both the old and the new world) pretends not. In 1802 Thomas Jefferson, author of the 'Declaration of Independence' and the third President of the United States, sculpted the formula of the wall of separation. Freedom is also material.