Father of Modern Philosophy. (1981) Towards a General Theory of Reduction, Dialogue 20, 38-59, 201-36, 496-529. Research Papers 637 words (1.8 pages) - While Wittgensteins Tractatus keeps issues of metaphysics and ontology at arms length, the world it presents seems altogether monistic in character. It's partly learned through experience and partly hard-wired into our neural processing by evolution. If you say "Only Thor can explain lightning then no amount of physics will convince you otherwise, because doing so would always be begging the question, since you can always say, "Yes, but Maxwell's equations don't explain the real lightningness of lightning, just the way. Over time, our beliefs become at least more aligned with the underlying stuff of the universe. One possible neural account of how this happens is that there can be a dangling unit in the center of a neural network, which does not correspond to any real thing, or any real property of any real thing, existent anywhere in the real world.
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Like with a dualistic soul, this objective moral truth violates Occam's razor, and beyond that, it's unexplained why we would want to care about what the objective truth was. FOR only.38.9/page, hire Writer, we will write a custom essay sample on Dualism versus Materialism specifically for you. Physicalist monism In summary, we have a thorough reduction of ontology to just one level of reality - physical stuff. Pain (mental state) has no weight. Husserl points out that doubting the body already assumes that the body is a mere physical thing (Husserl). Does having African American genes cause lower average IQ?